When Was Indoor Plumbing Invented?
The history of plumbing starts in the 19th century, though primitive plumbing systems have been around for thousands of years. The development of modern indoor plumbing has mostly happened in America, though some important inventions first appeared in other countries.
America first started to develop indoor plumbing in the early 1800s. However, it wasn’t until the mid-1900s that modern indoor plumbing became common across the country. Indoor plumbing has already become very advanced, and it will continue to get more effective and efficient in the future. Read on to learn more about the history of modern indoor plumbing.
What is Indoor Plumbing?
Indoor plumbing refers to a system of pipes that transport running water to different fixtures throughout a building. These fixtures include toilets, faucets, dishwashers, clothes washers, and more. Most indoor plumbing systems offer the user the ability to choose hot or cold water (as long as a water heater is hooked up).
Why is Indoor Plumbing Important?
Indoor plumbing is often taken for granted in modern America, as most people cannot remember a time without it. However, it is one of the most important systems in modern life. It is important for two main reasons: hygiene and convenience. Indoor plumbing makes it easy to transport waste away from the living area, where it could spread disease. Also, indoor plumbing helps get rid of foul odors. Showers and baths with indoor plumbing make it much easier for people to bathe, which is important to prevent bacteria’s growth on the skin.
The Timeline of Modern Indoor Plumbing
1829: The Tremont Hotel Installs Its First Water Closets
The Tremont Hotel in Boston installed eight water closets in 1829. Water closets were an early form of toilet. At first, they were only found in luxury hotels and in the homes of rich people.
1833: The White House Gets Indoor Plumbing
The White House received indoor plumbing on the first floor in 1833. President Franklin Pierce had the upper floor plumbed later.
1885: Chicago Builds the First Modern Sewer System In the US
The first modern sewer system in the US was not built until the late 1800s. Chicago was the first city in America to build a modern sewer system. Other major cities quickly followed.
1891: The Toilet is Improved
Thomas Crapper invented the valve-and-siphon toilet. This improved design was much more effective than the old water closet.
1910: The Modern Toilet Becomes Popular
The elevated water tank toilet first became popular in the early 1900s. This is the type of toilet that is still common in most American homes today.
1966: Plastic Pipes Become Widespread
Early indoor plumbing systems used copper or cast-iron pipes. However, copper and iron were used in large quantities in World War II. After the war, plastic pipes became more and more common due to metal shortages. Even after the metal shortages ended, plastic pipes continued to be used due to their lower cost. Plastic pipes are also much easier to work with than metal pipes, further contributing to their popularity.
1986: Sensor-Flushing Toilets Are Invented
The first sensor-flushing toilets were invented in Japan in 1986. These toilets do not need to be manually flushed. Instead, they automatically flush after the user is finished. These toilets are now found throughout the world, often in public restrooms.
2003: The International Code Council is Formed
In 2003, the International Code Council was formed. It was created by the merger of three different building code agencies. The ICC ensures that indoor plumbing systems around the world are standardized. This makes these systems easier for professionals to maintain. Not every country follows the ICC’s standards, but the standards are widely followed in the United States.
Advances In Modern Indoor Plumbing
Modern plumbing continues to evolve to become more advanced and efficient. Many of the current plumbing trends aim to reduce the amount of water that people use without sacrificing convenience. For example, many modern toilets use less water per flush than older toilets. Using less water has several benefits. First, it is better for the environment because humans use less of the clean water that plants and animals need. Also, it helps people save on their water bills. Many areas in the United States are introducing plumbing codes aimed at reducing the amount of water that people use.
Contact Echo Air Conditioning to Book an Installation Today
If you need to get a toilet or another plumbing fixture installed, Echo Air Conditioning is the best option in South Florida. In addition to air conditioning, we also offer a wide variety of plumbing services. If you would like to book an installation, you can call us at 954-366-4585 or book an installation through our website. Contact us for a plumbing appointment today.