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What Are the Different Types of AC Filters For Your Home?

What Are the Different Types of AC Filters For Your Home?

Air filters are critical for maintaining clean, healthy air in your home. Good indoor air quality is crucial for every homeowner, much more so if household members suffer from respiratory ailments. Proper HVAC filters can mean the difference between stuffy, polluted air and healthy, easy-to-breathe air. Understanding the many types of air filters available for residential use is the first step toward achieving the good indoor air quality you desire.

What Are the Different Types of AC Filters for Your Home?

“What kind of air filter do I require?” This is a critical question to ask before selecting a filter. There are numerous varieties of air filters available built to meet specific needs. The following are the most often used filter types:

  •  Fiberglass Air Filters: Fiberglass air filters are the most affordable, disposable, and have the lowest straining capacity of all the varieties. They are good at protecting your air conditioner than filtering dust and contaminants. If you use this type of air filter, your family members may continue to be susceptible to respiratory ailments.
  • Pleated filters: Crafted using cotton folds or polyester fibers, pleated air filters are highly effective in capturing dust and other contaminants. Choose those with a greater number of pleats for improved filtering performance.
  • Washable Air Filters: While washable air filters are more expensive than disposable air filters, they save you much time in the end. You can remove and clean them, which eliminates the need to replace them regularly. Allow washable air filters to dry before using them. Using them when dump can result in bacteria buildup and mold growth.
  • Electrostatic Air Filters: These air filters attract dust and other airborne particles and prevent them from spreading throughout your home. Some of these filters are washable, while others are not.
  • HEPA Filters: High-efficiency particulate filters are ideal for persons who suffer from allergies or have respiratory problems. They are 99.97 percent successful in screening pollutants, which is why we recommend this variety to most homeowners.
  • UV Filters: These filters utilize ultraviolet light to eradicate bacteria and viruses from your home. While they are less effective at filtering out dust and other air contaminants, they effectively combat germs that are also harmful to your health.

Why is Choosing the Right Type of AC Filter Important?

Why is Choosing the Right Type of Air Filter Important?

Why is choosing the right type of ac filters necessary? Here are the consequences of using the wrong air filter.


Air conditioners cycle on and off periodically throughout the day. Using the wrong air filter might cause those cycles to occur more frequently than necessary. Apart from the noise pollution associated with short cycling, energy is wasted and severe temperature swings.

Freezing Up

A suitable air filter allows easy air movement in and out of your home. However, a wrong air filter may inhibit the flow of cold air, accumulating inside the air conditioning unit and lowering the internal temperature. After a while, this accumulation of cold air will eventually result in ice formation on the coils.

Inconsistent Cooling

Even if the restricted airflow does not result in freezing, it is detrimental to the cooling power of your air conditioner. As a result, you will notice uneven cooling with cold and hot areas, which results in less comfort at a more significant expense.

Allergen Buildup

Using the right air filter is critical if anyone in your household suffers from respiratory allergies. A wrong air filter can allow allergens into your home, posing health risks to your family members. In addition, wrong-air cleaners discharge allergens into the air you breathe.

General Wear and Tear

A wrong air filter results in increased wear and tear, resulting in significant maintenance concerns down the road. In addition, if you install the wrong air conditioner, you may end up replacing your air filter sooner, and you will pay more for air conditioning repairs.

4 Tips for Choosing the Right Air Filter For Your Home

4 Tips for Choosing the Right Air Filter For Your Home

Before purchasing an air cleaner, it is critical to consider the following four factors:

  1. Contaminants. There are several dangerous compounds in the air; several air purifiers target certain pollutants. For example, air cleaners equipped with HEPA filters can catch a significant amount of air contaminants, such as dust mites, pollen, and pet dander. Ensure that you have the right air filter for the right job.
  2. Performance. Air cleaners have a minimum efficiency reporting value (MERV) with a scale of 1 to 20. A higher value implies a more increased pollutant elimination. Consult an HVAC professional to determine the appropriate MERV rating for your house.
  3. Size. Different filters perform well in rooms of varying sizes. Before selecting an air cleaner, it is critical to determine the space you will install the air filter. Most manufacturers provide the area of square footage that each filter can properly clean.
  4. Other variables. There are other things to consider that are unrelated to performance. You will want to determine where to install the air cleaner, i.e., whether it is designed to be installed in-duct or a stand-alone device. Additionally, determine the device’s predicted lifetime cost, including the purchase price, anticipated maintenance, and any associated energy expenditures. Finally, certain cleaners produce some noise, which you should also consider before purchasing.

The Bottom Line

Whichever type of air filter you prefer, your home and HVAC components will run more efficiently if you make the right choice. Not only will you save funds by using ideal air filters, but your family members will also feel significantly better over time. Additionally, you should never neglect routine maintenance, especially when professional assistance is simply a phone call away.

The diversity of air filters available today provides homeowners with options regarding efficiency, health advantages, cost, and upkeep. Contact an HVAC professional at Echo Air Conditioning to determine the best type of air filter for your house and comfort requirements. In addition, we offer installation and repair services in HVAC systems for the Broward and Palm Beach counties of South Florida.

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